# EE 559 Homework 1 solved

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1. In this problem you will code a nearest-means classifier, using Euclidean distance (L2 norm).
You will then use the classifier on data we provide.
Note that you are to write the code for the classifier and error-rate computation yourself; using
a toolbox’s or library’s function or module that implements this (or similar) classifier is not
sufficient. If you use python, this means that you can use built-in functions, numpy, and
matplotlib. Use of other libraries or packages (e.g., pandas or scikit-learn) are not in the spirit
of this homework problem and will result in points deducted.
Your code should take as input a set of data points (training dataset) that are labeled according
to class, and should calculate a representation of the classifier (class means and a way to use
them to classify data points). Once the classifier is “trained” (class means are calculated), your
code should be able to calculate the error rate obtained when classifying training data, and
calculate the error rate obtained when classifying test data. Error rate is defined as the number
of misclassified data points divided by the total number of data points classified, usually
expressed as percentage. In addition, with the aid of a supplied plotting function, you will plot
the training data points, resulting class means, decision boundaries, and decision regions.
You will use your implemented nearest-means classifier on 3 different datasets: two synthetic
datasets, and one real dataset (“wine” from UCI machine learning repository).
2”, along with this HW assignment:
(i) Dataset files (containing labeled data points).
MATLAB: synthetic1.mat, synthetic2.mat, wine.mat.
For each dataset file, there are in total 4 variables: ‘feature_train’, ‘label_train’,
‘feature_test’ and ‘label_test’. While feature_xxx stores the data points (inputs
) for training (or testing, respectively), label_xxx are the class labels
for these data points ( ). Each row in feature_xxx corresponds to a data
point, and each column corresponds to a feature. Class labels are stored as a column
xn , n = 1,2,!,N
yn , n = 1,2,!,N
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vector in label_xxx, where the i
th entry corresponds to the i
th data point in the
feature_xxx file.
Python:
sythetic1_train.csv, synthetic1_test.csv, sythetic2_train.csv, synthetic2_test.csv,
wine_train.csv, wine_test.csv.
Each csv file has one row for each data point, and one column for each feature; except
the last column contains the class labels (each label is an integer from 1 to C, in which C
is the number of classes).
(ii) PlotDecBoundaries.m or PlotDecBoundaries.py function helps you plot the decision
boundary and regions.
To use PlotDecBoundaries.m (or PlotDecBoundaries.py), you only need to pass in 3
variables, which are training data points of all classes, class labels of all training data
points, and sample means for all classes.
For training data points, you need to be consistent with the format of feature_train (or
any of the csv files), where a row corresponds to a data point; it should contain no class
labels. The class labels variable should also follow the format of label_train (or in
python, one column of class labels, same order as rows of “training”). For sample
mean, the i
th row needs to be set as the sample mean of i
th class.
unnormalized throughout your work on this problem (that is, do not normalize the data
yourself in this problem).
(a) For each of the two synthetic datasets, there are in total C=2 classes and D=2 features.
For each synthetic dataset: (i) train the classifier, plot the (training-set) data points, the
resulting class means, decision boundaries, and decision regions (using
PlotDecBoundaries()); also run the trained classifier to classify the data points from
their inputs; give the classification error rate on the training set, and separately give the
classification error rate on the test set. The test-set data points should never be used for
training. Turn in the plots and error rates.
Hint: You might want to check your code first, by trying it out with just two or three
training data points in each class, for which you can check the results.
(b) Is there much difference in error rate between the two synthetic datasets? Why or why
not?
Parts (c)-(e) below use the “wine” dataset, which is for classifying the cultivar of the grape
plant a wine was made from, given measured attributes of the wine. This dataset is briefly
described at (in which “attribute” means “feature”):
http://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Wine
(c) For the wine dataset, there are in total C=3 classes (grape cultivars) and D=13 features
(measured attributes of the wine). In this problem you are to use only 2 features for
classification.
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Pick the first two features ( alcohol content, and malic acid content), and
repeat the procedure of part (a) for this dataset.
(d) Again for the “wine” dataset, find the 2 features among the 13 that achieve the
minimum classification error on the training set. (We haven’t yet covered how to do
feature selection in class, but will later in the semester. For this problem, try coming up
with your own method – one that you think will give good results – and see how well it
works.
Hint: 13 is not a lot of features, so computation time probably need not be a
consideration.)
Plot the data points and decision boundaries in 2D for your best performing pair of
features, and give its classification error on the training set.
Then give its classification error on the test set. The purpose of the test set is only to
estimate the error of the final classifier on unknown (previously unseen) data. Describe
the method you used to choose the best pair of features.
Turn in a description of your method for choosing the best pair of features; a plot of the
training data, decision boundaries, and decision regions using your chosen pair of
features; state which features you chose; and give both error rates (training and testing).
(e) For the wine dataset, is there much difference in training-set error rate for different pairs
of features? Justify your answer (e.g., by giving the error rate for a few different
example pairs of features; or by giving the standard deviation of error rates over all
possible pairs of features).
Also, answer the same question for the test-set error rate.
x1 = x2 =