Ve572 Assignment 1 solved

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Question1 (5 points)
Use :, seq(), rep() and possibly other operators/functions, but definitely not c(), to create
the following sequences.
(a) (1 point) 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.4
(b) (1 point) “ax” “ay” “by” “bz” “az” “az”
(c) (1 point) TRUE TRUE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
(d) (1 point) 1 22 333 4444 55555 666666
(e) (1 point) 0 1 2 3 0 2 4 6 0 3 6 9 0 4 8 12
Question2 (6 points)
Consider the following magic trick for kids.
• Ask him to think of a number, n, and carry out the following steps in his head
1. Compute n1 = 3n and announce whether n1 is even or odd.
2. If n1 is even, compute the number n2 that is half of n1.
If n1 is odd, compute the number n2 that is half of n1 + 1.
3. Compute n3 = 3n2.
4. Divide n3 by 9 and reveal the quotient k, discard any remainder.
• You compute the original number n as
2k if n1 was even.
2k + 1 if n1 was odd.
• Reveal the original number n. Voila!
(a) (5 points) Write an R function (name it as hints.func) that take a single integer n,
works through the steps 1-4 above and returns a list containing the value of k and an
indication of whether n1 was even or odd.
(b) (1 point) Write an R function (name it as guess.func) that takes the list produced by
hints.func and returns the reconstructed value of n.
Question3 (7 points)
Given a sequence consisting of 0’s and 1’s, the chunk of consecutive 0’s between a pair of
1’s is known as a gap in the sequence. We are interested in finding the frequencies of gap
lengths (= 0, 1, 2, . . .). Zeros at the beginning and end of the sequence are ignored, e.g.
0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
has five gaps, being of length 4, 0, 2, 0, 0, respectively. The gap lengths can thus be
summarised in a one-way frequency table as follows:
> gap . freq (x , m = 3)
0 1 2 3+
3 0 1 1
where the gap lengths ≥ m are treated as one group.
Ve572
Dr Jing Liu
Assignment 1
Due: June 5, 2018
(a) (1 point) Consider the following
> set.seed (572); u = runif (1 e6 )
Write a single R statement that converts u into a vector that consists only 0’s and
1’s by treating the values in u as 1’s if they are strictly between 0 and 0.3, and 0’s if
otherwise.
(b) (6 points) Write the R function gap.freq() that, given x and m, returns the frequency
table of gap lengths in the same format above. You need to demonstrate that your
function works properly for the long sequence created in (a). Use m = 10 in your
demonstration.
Question4 (5 points)
The dataset islands in R contains the areas in thousands of square miles of the 48 largest
landmasses in the world. Use R statements or functions to find
(a) (1 point) the area of the largest landmass.
(b) (1 point) the number of landmasses with areas between 100 and 1000 square miles.
(c) (1 point) the ranking of the area of the North Island of New Zealand (New Zealand (N))
in the world.
(d) (1 point) the name of the landmass that has the most similar area to New Zealand
(North and South Islands).
(e) (1 point) the names of the top 10 largest landmasses.
Question5 (2 points)
(a) (1 point) Read three_cars.csv into R as a data frame, and name it threecars.df.
(b) (1 point) Produce the following plot in R and output it into a pdf file.

BMW Jaguar Porsche
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Car price by brand
Price
Question6 (3 points)
(a) (1 point) Read integers_letters.dbf into R as a data frame, and name it il.df.
(b) (1 point) Write R statement/s to find the integer/s between 1 and 26 that is missing.
(c) (1 point) Write R statement/s to find the letter/s that is/are capitalised.
Question7 (2 points)
(a) (1 point) Read whisky price into R. [Hint: You may find readLines and scan useful.]
(b) (1 point) Use R statement/s or functions to perform a two sample t-test on the dataset.
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