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INF553 Foundations and Applications of Data Mining Assignment 2 solved

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1. Overview of the Assignment
In this assignment, you will implement the SON algorithm using the Apache Spark Framework. You will
develop a program to find frequent itemsets in two datasets, one simulated dataset and one real-world
dataset generated from Yelp dataset. The goal of this assignment is to apply the algorithms you have
learned in class on large datasets more efficiently in a distributed environment.
2. Requirements
2.1 Programming Requirements
a. You must use Python to implement all tasks. There will be 10% bonus for each task if you also submit a
Scala implementation and both your Python and Scala implementations are correct.
b. You are required to only use Spark RDD in order to understand Spark operations more deeply. You will
not get any point if you use Spark DataFrame or DataSet.
2.2 Programming Environment
Python 3.6, Scala 2.11 and Spark 2.3.2
We will use Vocareum to automatically run and grade yoursubmission. We highly recommend that you
first test your script on your local machine and then submit to Vocareum.
2.3 Write your own code
Do not share code with other students!!
For this assignment to be an effective learning experience, you must write your own code! We emphasize
this point because you will be able to find Python implementations of some of the required functions on
the web. Please do not look for or at any such code!
TAs will combine all the code we can find from the web (e.g., Github) as well as otherstudents’ code from
this and other (previous) sections for plagiarism detection. We will report all detected plagiarism.
2.4 What you need to turn in
a. Three Python scripts, named: (all lowercase): task1.py, task2.py, preprocess.py
b1. [OPTIONAL] two Scala scripts, named: (all lowercase)
task1.scala, task2.scala (No need to write preprocessing code in Scala)
b2. [OPTIONAL] one jar package, named: hw2.jar (all lowercase)
Note. You don’t need to include your output files for both tasks. We will grade on your code with our
testing data (data will be in the same format).
3. Datasets
In this assignment, you will use one simulated dataset and one real-world dataset. In task 1, you will
build and test your program with a small simulated CSV file that has been provided to you.
For task 2, you need to generate a subset using business.json and review.json from the Yelp dataset
(https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1-Y4H0vw2rRIjByDdGcsEuor9VagDyzin?usp=sharing) with the
same structure as the simulated data. Figure 1 shows the file structure, the first column is user_id and
the second column is business_id. In task2, you will test your code with this real-world data.
Figure 1: Input Data Format
We will only provide submission report for small1.csv on Vocareum for task 1. No submission report
will be provided for task2. You are encouraged to use command line to run the code for small2.csv as
well as for task2 to get a sense of the running time.
4. Tasks
In this assignment, you will implementthe SON algorithm to solve all tasks(Task 1 and 2) on top of Apache
Spark Framework. You need to find all the possible combinations of the frequent itemsets in any given
input file within the required time. You can refer to Chapter 6 from the Mining of Massive Datasets book
and concentrate on section 6.4 – Limited-Pass Algorithms. (Hint: you can choose either A-Priori,
MultiHash, or PCY algorithm to process each chunk of the data).
4.1 Task 1: Simulated data (6 pts)
There are two CSV files (small1.csv and small2.csv) provided on the Vocareum in your workspace. The
small1.csv is just a sample file that you can used to debug your code. For task1, we will test your code
on small2.csv for grading.
In this task, you need to build two kinds of market-basket model.
Case 1 (3 pts):
You will calculate the combinations of frequent businesses (as singletons, pairs, triples, etc.) that are
qualified as frequent given a support threshold. You need to create a basket for each user containing the
business ids reviewed by this user. If a business was reviewed more than once by a reviewer, we consider
this product was rated only once. More specifically, the business ids within each basket are unique. The
generated baskets are similar to:
user1: [business11, business12, business13, …]
user2: [business21, business22, business23, …]
user3: [business31, business32, business33, …]
Case 2 (3 pts):
You will calculate the combinations of frequent users (as singletons, pairs, triples, etc.) that are qualified
as frequent given a support threshold. You need to create a basket for each business containing the user
ids that commented on this business. Similar to case 1, the user ids within each basket are unique. The
generated baskets are similar to:
business1: [user11, user12, user13, …]
business2: [user21, user22, user23, …]
business3: [user31, user32, user33, …]
Input format:
1. Case number: Integer that specifies the case. 1 for Case 1 and 2 for Case 2.
2. Support: Integer that defines the minimum count to qualify as a frequent itemset.
3. Input file path: This is the path to the input file including path, file name and extension.
4. Output file path: This is the path to the output file including path, file name and extension.
Output format:
1. Console output – Runtime: the total execution time from loading the file till finishing writing the
output file
You need to print the runtime in the console with the “Duration” tag: “Duration: ”,
e.g., “Duration: 100.00”
2. Output file:
(1) Output-1
You should use “Candidates:”as the tag. For each line you should output the candidates of frequent
itemsets you find after the first pass of SON algorithm, followed by an empty line after each fequent-X
itemset combination list. The printed itemsets must be sorted in lexicographical order. (Both user_id and
business_id have the data type “string”.)
(2) Output-2
You should use “Frequent Itemsets:”asthe tag. For each line you should outputthe final frequentitemsets
you found after finishing the SON algorithm. The format is the same with the Output-1. The printed
itemsets must be sorted in lexicographical order.
Here is an example of the output file:
Both the output-1 result and output-2 should be saved in ONE output result file.
Execution example:
Python:
spark-submit task1.py
Scala:
spark-submit –class task1 hw2.jar
4.2 Task 2: Yelp data (6.5 pts)
In task2, you will explore the Yelp dataset to find the frequent business sets (only case 1). You will jointly
use the business.json and review.json to generate the input user-business CSV file yourselves.
(1) Data preprocessing
You need to generate a sample dataset from business.json and review.json
(https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1-Y4H0vw2rRIjByDdGcsEuor9VagDyzin?usp=sharing) with
following steps:
1. The state of the business you need is Nevada, i.e., filtering ‘state’== ‘NV’.
2. Select “user_id” and “business_id” from review.json whose “business_id” is from Nevada. Each line in
the CSV file would be “user_id1, business_id1”.
3. The header of CSV file should be “user_id,business_id”
You need to save the dataset in CSV format. Figure 3 shows an example of the output file
Figure 2: user_business file
You need to submit the code for this data preprocessing step. The preprocessing code will NOT be
graded for correctness. No need to submit the generated user-businessfile. We will use different filters
to generate another dataset for grading.
(2) Apply SON algorithm
The requirements for task 2 are similar to task 1. However, you will test your implementation with the
large dataset you just generated. For this purpose, you need to report the total execution time. For this
execution time, we take into account also the time from reading the file till writing the results to the
output file. You are asked to find the frequent business sets(only case 1) from the file you just generated.
The following are the steps you need to do:
1. Reading the user_business CSV file in to RDD and then build the case 1 market-basket model;
2. Find out qualified users who reviewed more than k businesses. (k is the filter threshold);
3. Apply the SON algorithm code to the filtered market-basket model;
Input format:
1. Filter threshold: Integer that is used to filter out qualified users
2. Support: Integer that defines the minimum count to qualify as a frequent itemset.
3. Input file path: This is the path to the input file including path, file name and extension.
4. Output file path: This is the path to the output file including path, file name and extension.
Output format:
1. Runtime: the total execution time from loading the file till finishing writing the output file
You need to print the runtime in the console with the “Duration” tag, e.g., “Duration: 100”.
2. Output file
The output file format is the same with task 1. Both the intermediate results and final results should be
saved in ONE output result file.
Execution example:
Python:
spark-submit task2.py
Scala:
spark-submit –class task2 hw2.jar
5. Evaluation Metric
Task 1:
Input File Case Support Runtime (sec)
small2.csv 1 4 <=200 small2.csv 2 9 <=200 Task 2: Input File Filter Threshold Support Runtime (sec) user_business.csv 70 50 <=2,000 6. Grading Criteria (% penalty = % penalty of possible points you get) 1. You can use your free 5-day extension separately or together, and you need to email your TA to indicate that you are using the free days within 24 hours of your submission. 2. There will be 10% bonus for each task (i.e., 0.3 pts, 0.2 pts, 0.3 pts) if your Scala implementations are correct. Only when your Python results are correct, the bonus of using Scala will be calculated. There is no partial point for Scala. 3. There will be no point if your programs cannot be executed on Vocareum Please start your assignment early! You can resubmit on Vocareum. We will grade your last submission. 4. There is no regrading. Once the grade is posted on the Blackboard, we will only regrade your assignments if there is a grading error. No exceptions. 5. There will be 20% penalty for the late submission within a week and no point after a week. 6. There will be no point if the total execution time exceeds Section 6 evaluation metric 7. If the outputs of your program are unsorted or partially sorted, there will be 50% penalty.